Discovery of radiometric dating

To determine the relative age of different rocks, geologists start with the assumption that unless something has happened, in a sequence of sedimentary rock layers, the newer rock layers will be on top of older ones. This rule is common sense, but it serves as a powerful reference point.

You might have noticed that many of the oldest age dates come from a mineral called zircon.Radiometric dating methods are the strongest direct evidence that geologists have for the age of the Earth.All these methods point to Earth being very, very old -- several billions of years old.On the other hand, the half-life of the isotope potassium 40 as it decays to argon is 1.26 billion years.So carbon 14 is used to date materials that aren’t that old geologically, say in the tens of thousands of years, while potassium-argon dating can be used to determine the ages of much older materials, in the millions and billions year range.

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