Around the IJsselmeer is an arc of boulder clay high areas of land, which formed during the Ice Age glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch: Texel, Wieringen, Urk, de Voorst, and Gaasterland.
To south of that arc, as a result of meltwater, a lake formed, which became known as Almere.
A majority coalition of Christen Unie, SGP and Hart voor Urk are currently in power.
The town council is led by (non-elected) mayor Pieter van Maaren.
None of these parties can be described as either left-wing (socialist) or liberal.
National parties such as the VVD (conservative/liberal), D66 (liberal), Groen Links (green party) and Pvd A (labour) are not represented in Urk's town council and support for these parties in national and regional elections remains minimal.
From 1614 to 1660, Urk and Emmeloord were ruled by Jonkheer van der Werve.
(from an important family of Antwerp.) From 1660 to 1792 Urk and Emmeloord belonged to the municipality of Amsterdam, and ruled from 1660 to 1672/1678 by Andries de Graeff.
In the past, many lives were lost in storms on the Zuiderzee and North Sea.Unie Gemeentebelangen and Hart voor Urk are local parties.Hart voor Urk was founded by former SGP councillor Jan Koffeman with largely identical party policies to SGP's.Since 1986, Urk has belonged to the province of Flevoland. Many Urkers who had to leave the town because of overcrowding before the polder reclamation was completed were able to return to Urk.The Noordoostpolder in its early years had an alternative name "Urker Land," from which Urk's newspaper, Het Urkerland, gets its name.