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The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America was formed in 1914 as a direct result of a bitter union strike in 1910 involving members of the AFL affiliated United Garment Workers (UGW), the AFL leadership, and their employer, Hart Schaffner and Marx.
The strike expanded to city wide, 45,000 member garment workers strike in Chicago resulting in a division in the UGW membership.
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In 1933, ACWA started to include a union label in all garments that were produced.
Through a series of strikes in the late 1910's, ACWA continued to solidify its membership in garment industry and eventually established a stronghold in the key cities of Chicago, Baltimore, and Rochester, New York.
By the 1920's, ACWA was the largest men's clothing union in the United States and was responsible for manufacturing a staggering 85% of men's garment.
As a result of this split, at its inception the AFL refused to recognize the ACWA as an AFL affiliate.The vintage tag shown to the left illustrates the union's sewing machine symbol and scissors in the center of a diamond with red numbering across the center of this tag.The left side of the tag will read " Union Made" on the first line and either "Work Clothes", "Suit", or "Garment" on the second line.Like all unions of the time, the great depression thinned the ranks of ACWA's membership.ACWA survived the downturn and much of it's membership returned thanks to the union's legal right to organize gained from the National Recovery Act of 1933.